Fleas can cause a pesky situation; thankfully they can be easily eradicated from your pet and from your home. Whenever your pet has a flea infestation, you need to treat your entire house too as fleas can inhabit areas such as carpets and beds.
Sometimes it can be difficult to discern whether your cat has fleas or not as he or she can eat the fleas, thus making it tougher for you to find those fleas. However if you notice your kitty scratching, or bites on both you and your cat it may be time to put your flea fighting abilities to the test.
To confirm the infestation once and for all, place your cat on a white sheet or a sheet of white paper. Comb your cat with a fine tooth comb thoroughly. What you should be looking is called "flea dirt" which resembles a mixture of salt and pepper specks. The black specks are flea feces and the white specks are flea eggs. Press the black specks gently between a piece of damp paper towel, a dark red/brown stain will appear if the speck is flea dirt. The stain is the blood of your pet on which the flea has been feeding on. Now that you have uncovered the infestation, it is time to eradicate the fleas.
It is important that you take control over a flea infestation to the best of your ability. Fleas can transmit infectious pathogens and also carry the larvae of tapeworms. It is likely that your pet has swallowed a few fleas which can lead to a tapeworm infestation as well. Moreover, as adult fleas feed on blood, they can render your cat anemic, especially if your cat is still a kitten. If your kitten has recently survived a flea invasion, check his or her gums on a regular basis, as pale gums are an indicator of anemia. If you use products such as shampoos, soaps, topical, or collars you must only use products that are specially formulated for your pet. This means that you should not use flea remedies for cats on dogs.
Your house needs to be treated as well. Wash all bedding and other fabrics thoroughly with hot water. If your house is carpeted and/or if you have curtains be sure get those materials shampooed as well. For future prevention, it is best if you remove any carpeting, rugs, curtains, and other materials on which fleas can fester on, if possible. The lessened amount of fabrics and materials will create an unwelcome environment for fleas.