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A cat's kidney is an important organ which helps with the elimination of toxins and retaining the nutrients in the blood stream. Kidney (renal) failure is a disease which commonly affects older cats. Kidney disease in cats appears when your feline's kidneys are damaged and unable to filter out the toxins from their blood stream. This can affect the health of your cat and it is important that you notice the signs and symptoms of kidney problems before it is too late.
A common kidney problem is kidney stones. Cats form kidney stones like an oyster forms pearls. It is formed by an irritating particle known as nidus which consists of small particles like mineral crystal. After time the particle grows when more minerals form around it. The stones travel through the urinary system and cause problems when it gets stuck along the way. When a kidney stone blocks the opening to the ureters this causes a condition known as hydronephrosis.
The symptoms of kidney stones are relatively similar to those of renal failure. The symptoms consist of:
It is thought that Felin distemper and immune-mediated inflammation of the kidneys is the cause of kidney problems such as renal failure. To understand whether your cat is suffering from renal disease the best way to diagnose it is to have your veterinarian take a blood test of your cat. Two substances which will appear in your cats blood is urea and creatinine which will be increased in the blood stream indicating that your cat has a renal disease. Therefore it is recommended that you visit your veterinarian if you believe your cat is having kidney problems.