Types of Skin Disorders in Cats
Skin disorders are the most common health issue that cats can contract. There are four types of skin disorders in cats:
- Hereditary and developmental skin disease – Some skin issues are inherited including; skin fragility syndrome (Ehlers-Danlos), hereditary hypotrichosis and congenital or hereditary alopecia.
- Cutaneous manifestations of internal diseases – Diseases which affect either the whole body or several organs at once. An example is skin fragility syndrome which can be caused by starvation or by diabetes.
- Infectious skin diseases – The most common skin diseases of this category consist of ringworm and dermatophytosis. Other infectious skin problems come from parasites such as mange and lice infestations.
- Immune-mediated skin disorders – Some skin diseases are caused by deficiencies in a cats immune system functioning. These include; retroviruses and FIV or FeLV.
Symptoms of Skin Disorders in Cats
There are several types of skin disorders in cats and various causes which make cats susceptible to having skin conditions. A factor which influences a cat's health can be their environment as well as seasonal changes. Parasites such as fleas and mites as well as others can affect a cat. Grooming products and food allergies can cause irritation or other issues in the skin as well. Lastly bacterial infections and even stress can cause a cat to get a skin disease. Although these are difficult to prevent since they are often apart of your cats life it is important as a cat owner to look for any signs or indications that your cat has a skin disorder.
Common symptoms cats with skin disorders may experience include:
- Redness and inflammation
- Lumps, swelling or skin discoloration
- Hair loss
- Dry, flaky, irritated skin
- Scratching, licking and chewing skin mostly around neck and head