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Arthritis is an inflammation in the joints that causes the joints to swell up and become painful. Cartilage is the tissue that protects the bones so when that cartilage begins to wear down it puts the dog in pain. Arthritis is a major cause of chronic pain in canines and affects 1 out of 5 dogs. Although arthritis is common in older dogs, it can also occur in young dogs. Canines can suffer from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, or hip dysplasia which are types of arthritis that have different joints that are affected.
Symptoms of arthritis in canines are usually be detected through unusual limping or reliance on certain legs when walking. Your dog may have difficulty sitting or standing as well as have become uninterested in going for walks and may avoid stairs.
When a canine suffers from osteoarthritis, they tend to avoid jumping when trying to participate in activity. They may not cry out in pain but tend to move slowly and put most weight on their healthy limbs. Rheumatoid arthritis is when several joints have been affected which can be mild to severe. A sign of rheumatoid arthritis is stiffness in the joints as well as shifting lameness from one leg to another. Septic arthritis is when a single joint is affected. When a canine suffers septic arthritis, your dog may show more discomfort on cold days and may not put any weight on the limb when walking. Hip dysplasia occurs in the hind legs of a dog which makes it difficult for the canine to get up or sit down. Hip dysplasia can be caused by obesity so it can be treated with exercise.
Arthritis in dogs can be caused by many different factors. Canine arthritis can come through the genes which is one of the main causes of arthritis in young dogs. Breeds that are typically affected by arthritis are Labradors, Golden Retrievers, German Sheppard's, and Rottweiler's. It is common for old age to be the cause of arthritis as well as infections, strain from activity, injury, and obesity.
Arthritis in canines can be diagnosed through X-rays as well as listening for cracking or popping sounds in the dog's joints. Veterinarians may recommend a change in diet and exercise when treating arthritis in dogs. Helping your canine maintain a healthy weight and avoid straining exercises will help the treatment for arthritis in dogs.