When a canine experiences kidney problems, it is typically because the kidney cannot function out its task of filtering out waste products. When the kidney fails to filer the blood effectively, toxins begin to buildup leading to damage to the urinary tract. The damage of kidney disease in dogs can appear suddenly or affect your dog gradually. Two types of kidney disorders is chronic kidney disorder and acute kidney disorder. Chronic kidney disorder occurs when long term abuse has occurred to the kidneys and is usually caused by kidney stores or exposure to toxins. Acute kidney disorders are usually caused by bites from snakes or insects, bacterial or viral infections, or exposure to toxins.
Causes of kidney disease in dogs can vary. Kidney disease in dogs can occur through genetics, infections, trauma, diseases, age or parasites. Other causes of kidney disease are through consumption of toxins such as antifreeze, medications or food that could affect the blood flow. Bites from venomous snakes or insects can also cause kidney problems in canines.
Symptoms of kidney disease usually begin with unusual drinking and urination patterns. Your dog may be dehydrated thus consuming more water and wanting to go to the bathroom more. Since your canine needs to urinate more, they may urinate in the house.
Diagnosis for kidney disease consists of a blood test and/or urine sample. These tests will determine the levels of nitrogen, potassium and other chemicals in it. Levels of chemicals in the body need to be managed as well as trying to get your canine to become rehydrated.