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Tick Diseases in Dogs

Ticks carry several grim diseases. It is important that pet owners are aware of the symptoms of these diseases, because often these symptoms are not obvious but can have serious repercussions for their pet’s house. In order to best be informed, click here to find out about the different types of diseases and the symptoms associated with those.

Lyme Disease: Is transmitted by the deer tick (black-legged tick) and the western black-legged tick. It involves an infection of tissue that can lead to lameness. Symptoms in dogs are difficult to detect and may not appear until several months after infection. A dog infected with lyme disease may experience spontaneous and shifting leg lameness that last 3-4 days, a reluctance to move, and fatigue. Infections are frequently diagnosed in Eastern Canada, Northeastern United States, the Mid-Atlantic and North-Central States, as well as California.

Ehrlichoisis:Ticks carrying Ehrlichoisis are found all throughout Canada and the United States, but the highest concentrations are found in southwestern and Gulf Coast regions of the US.

  • Ehrlichia canis: infection of white blood cells. Affect the bone marrow and production of blood cells. Symptoms include: depression and/or lack of energy; loss of appetite; runny eyes and nose/discharge; spontaenous nose bleeds; bruising on gums and belly; lameness/joint pain.
  • Ehrilichia eqingli: infection of blood clels that can lead to joint pain and lameness. common symptoms: loss of appetite, lethargyt, spontaneous and shifting leg lameness; reluctance to move.
  • Ehrlichia chaffensis: affects white blood cells but rarely causes disease in dogs. Poses a greater risk to human health and known as human monocytitropic enhrilichopiosis.

Anaplasmosis: Anaplasma phagocytiphilum is an infection of the white blood cells that’s transmitted by the deer tick and the western black-legged tick (same that transmit Lyme disease). Symptoms are vague and nonspecific. Common symptoms: loss of appetite; lethargy; lameness, reluctance to move; neck pain or neurologic signs.Other common signs include bruising on the gums and belly; spontaneous nosebleeds. Ticks carrying anaplasmosis are found throughout the US and Canada, where there are deer, western black-legged and brown ticks.

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever: Is transmitted by the American Dog Tick and the Lone Star Tick. Dogs will suddenly be struck with severe illness lasting two weeks, and if left untreated, dogs can die from spotted fever. People can also be infected with spotted fever. Common symptoms include arthritis-like stiffness when walking, neurological abnormalities. Found throughout US and Canada. Areas with the highest concentration are the Provinces and States around the Rocky Mountains, as well as California and the Southeast.

Hepatozoonosis: Hepatozoon americanum is transmitted by the Gulf Coast Tick. Hepatozoon canis is transmitted by the brown dog tick. Hepatozoon canis common symptoms include: loss of appetite, weight loss and lethargy. Hepatozoon americanum symptoms include: depression; generalized pain; loss of muscle mass with chronic weight loss; discharge from the eyes. Canine hepatozoonosis is found in the eastern and middle-southern regions of the US.

Babesiosis: Babesiosis is transmitted from the Brown Dog Tick and from dog to dog if an infected dog bites another. Affects red blood cells, and as a dog’s immune system tries to eliminate the infected blood cells, anemia, pallor and general weakness may result. Symptoms include lack of activity/lethargy, generalized weakness, vomiting, loss of appetite and weight loss.

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Disclaimer: 1st Pet Naturals is an education resource, and all information herein is strictly for educational purposes. It is not intended to diagnose, treat, prevent, or cure disease, nor is it meant to replace the (prescribed) treatment or recommendations of your veterinarian or healthcare provider. Always inform your veterinarian or healthcare provider of any products that your pet is taking, including herbal remedies and supplements.