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Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) in dogs are infections that occur in the urinary bladder that have been contaminated with bacteria. Fungi and viruses can also infect the urinary tract but it is uncommon. 14% of dogs do suffer from a bladder infection at any age but it is more common in female canines than males. When a dog has a UTI it is difficult to urinate because the urethra is blocked or the kidney, uterus, or the urethra has be affected.
Urinary Tract infections in dogs are caused because of bacteria entering the urethra or through somewhere else in the body. The bacteria can come from unclean water or food that travels through the blood stream and into the urethra. The bacteria can also make its way through the urethra to the kidneys from bad hygiene. Diseases such as Crushing disease, diabetes, kidney failure, and bladder stones or bladder cancer raise the risk of a dog getting a UTI.
Symptoms of UTI typically go unnoticed until they turn severe. UTI could be a symptom itself of a disease or disorder. Symptoms of UTI begin with abnormal urination patterns. Your canine could be urinating in small amounts as well as urinating in the house and other places that they may be trained not to do. They will be in pain when urinating and you may see blood in their urine. They may be consuming more water but may have a loss of appetite.
To prevent a UTI in your canine, there are a few simple steps you can take such as keeping your dog urinating regularly, giving them fresh water and food, as well as avoid unnecessary antibiotics as they raise the risk of urinary tract infections in dogs. You could also feed your dog juice or another acidic drink so it kills the bacteria in their urine as well as reduces pain when urinating.