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Diabetes is a very serious health condition that can potentially affect cats as well as humans, dogs, and most other mammals. If left untreated, diabetes will eventually have negative consequences for all your cat's organs, but since it is a common condition there are many treatment options available.
Diabetes results when your cat does not produce enough insulin. Insulin is important for taking glucose from the blood stream and enabling it to enter body cells where it is converted into energy. When insulin is deficient or does not properly respond to glucose, blood sugar levels increase but energy levels suffer. As the disease progresses, so do the symptoms. Early signs of diabetes include:
In advanced cases, cat diabetes symptoms include:
Diabetes in cats requires lifelong treatment. While some cases can be managed through proper diet and exercise, more severe or advanced cases of diabetes will likely require daily insulin injections. If you suspect your cat has diabetes, visit your veterinarian immediately. Ultimately, treatment must be individualized for your cat. If insulin treatment is recommended, the dose will be determined by your veterinarian who can show you how to give the injections. Most diabetic cats will require one or two injections daily.